Intellectual property legislation includes Industrial Property Law, Law No. 17-97 of February 15, 2000 which covers patents, industrial designs, marks, appellation of origin, geographical indications, Layout designs ( topographies) of integrated circuits, control of anti-competitive practice in contractual licensing enforcement. Law No. 13-83 relating to Repression of Merchandise Fraud and in particular articles 1 to 4. Law No. 2-00 on Copyright and Related Rights of February. The Moroccan Industrial & Commercial Property Office is established by virtue of Law No. 13-99 of February15, 2000 under the supervision of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Telecommunications. Morocco is a member of WIPO Convention since July 1971, and is a signatory of the Paris Convention as of July 1917, and the Berne Convention as of June 1917, and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT ) since June 1999, and the Madrid Agreement (False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods) as of July 1917, and the Madrid Agreement (International Registration of Marks) since October 1999, and the Hague Agreement (International Deposit of Industrial Designs ) as of October 1930, and the Nice Agreement (International Classification of Goods and Services ) as of October 1966, and Morocco is a member of World Trade Organization ( WTO ) and a signatory of TRIPS Agreement since January 1995.
By virtue of the Industrial Property Law, and in contrast to past practice, one application will cover both zones of Casablanca and Tangier. Trademarks term of validity is reduced to ten years instead of 20 years.
Applications are examined to ensure formal compliance. Once an application is accepted, it will be published in the Official Gazette. Assignments should be recorded within a period of six months with the Patent Office which would ultimately be published in the Official Gazette. A patent is valid for twenty years counted from the date of filing. Patent annuities for the second up to the fifth year should be paid at one time. The remaining patent annuities are payable by three installments, each installment covers a period of five years. However, a grace period of 6 months is allowed. Infringements are presided over by the Industrial Property Tribunal. Decisions can be appealed to the Commercial Court of Appeal whose decisions may be appealed to the Supreme Court.
Formal filing requirements for a non-PCT application are as follows:
NOTE: As regards countries members of the Paris Convention, priority could be claimed within 12 months from the earliest corresponding application. Documents in a foreign language other than in English or French should be accompanied with their English translation.
Formal filing requirements for a PCT application are as follows:
NOTE: Applications based on International Search article 22, chapter 1 of the PCT enters into Morocco national phase within twenty (21) months from the date of the priority claim. However those based on an international preliminary examination article 39, chapter 11 of PCT shall enter in Morocco national phase within 30 months from the date of the priority claim.
Designs are examined as to form to ensure conformity with formal filing requirements. In the event, of acceptance, the notification of approval will be published in the Official Gazette. If the proprietor elects to assign his right in the design, a duly executed deed of assignment must be recorded within a period of six months and hence published in the Official Gazette. A design is valid for a period of 5 years from the filing date and it is renewable for two consecutive similar periods. Infringements are presided over by the Industrial Property Tribunal. Decisions can be appealed to the Commercial Court of Appeal whose decisions may be appealed to the Supreme Court.
Formal filing requirements.
Morocco Industrial and Commercial Property Office will examine application to ensure formal compliance. Once formal compliance is secured, the application will be published in the Official Gazette, and hence the Certificate of Registration will be issued. The International Classification of Goods and Services is followed (Nice Classification). The revision of class 42 and the creation of class 43 to 45 have been adopted as of January 1, 2002. The term of validity for a duly registered trademark is 10years, renewable for similar periods subject to payment of the prescribed fee, nonetheless a period of 6 months grace is allowed. A trademark may be assigned with or without goodwill; however an assignment must be recorded as provided for under the law. A trademark may be cancelled, if an interested third party established cogent grounds showing non-use for a period of five years as from the date of filing. Infringements are presided over by the Industrial Property Tribunal. Decisions can be appealed to the Commercial Court of Appeal whose decisions may be appealed to the Supreme Court. In contrast to past practice, one application will cover both zones of Casablanca and Tangier.
Formal filing requirements are as follows:
Range and extent of protection.
The copyright law provides protection, among other things, for written works, phonographs and cinematographic films, theatre and musical pieces, television and radio works for publication, paintings, sculpture and architecture, maps and speeches. The Copyright law No. 94-36 of 24/02/ 1994 considers software as a literary work and as such a fifty years protection is provided. Protection under the copyright law ends fifty years after the death of the author. However, if the copyrighted substance is owned by a legal entity rather than a natural person, the fifty years protection shall begin on the date the material was first published. The author may assign the rights granted to him subject to prescribed terms and conditions. Infringements are presided over by the Copyright Tribunal.
Formal filing requirements are as follows: