Qatar is a member of the GCC Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). Patent Regulations of GCC have been approved in 1992 by the Supreme Council of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf. Intellectual property legislation includes Law No. 9 of 2002 on Trademarks, Geographical Indications and Industrial Design Law, and law No. 7 of 2002 on Protection of Copyright and Related Rights. Qatar is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and is a signatory of Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Right (TRIPS) as of January 1996. Intellectual Property matters are administered by the Industrial Property Office which is under the supervision of the Ministry of Economy and Commerce. Qatar is member of WIPO Convention since September 3, 1976 and is signatory to the Paris Convention as of July 5, 2000 and the Berne Convention (Literary and Artistic Works) as of July 5, 2000.
Qatar is a member of Gulf Cooperation Treaty (GCT). GCC Patent Office is at Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A grant of a patent by the GCC Patent Office secures legal protection with all the GCC member states without the need to pursue any further processing action in any member state, except infringement matters which shall be governed by the domestic laws of each member state.
Please click on GCC Patent Office to see filing requirements.
Industrial Designs are governed by Law No. 9 of 2002 on Trademarks, Geographical Indications and Industrial Design Law. However, the Implementing Regulations are not yet issued. A cautionary notice as regards designs may be published in any local newspapers in both Arabic and English.
Qatar Industrial Property Office will examine application to ensure formal compliance. Once formal compliance is secured, the application will be published in the Official Gazette and one local newspaper, and hence the Certificate of Registration will be issued. An opposition may be raised by any interested party within a period of 120 days from the date of filing. The time required to consummate processing till the stage of receiving the Certificate of Registration is in the range of 5 to 6 months. The term of validity for a duly registered trademark is 10 years, renewable for similar periods subject to payment of the prescribed fee, nonetheless a period of 6 months grace is allowed.
A trademark may be assigned with or without goodwill; however an assignment must be recorded as provided for under the law. A trademark may be cancelled by order of the competent court, if an interested third party established cogent grounds showing non-use for a period of five consecutive years as from the date of filing. Infringements may be litigated before the competent court whether having criminal or civil jurisdiction in light of the nature of the infringement act. The court’s order may involve suspension of the infringement act, in addition to payment of losses and damages. Or it may involve confiscation and destruction of the infringed products.
Formal filing requirements are as follows:
NOTE: As regards Collective Marks applications, prints of all mark must be included in one sheet. In connection with Quality Control Marks applications, the body seeking registration of the Marks shall submit two duly certified copies of the Institution or the Association’s bylaws including all amendments. Again, such a body shall submit two duly certified copies of the system adopted by the said institution or association which indicates the method or manner utilized to control or inspect products. Again, the said body must show the terms and conditions which must be observed for using the Marks.
Range and extent of protection.
The copyright law provides protection for original intellectual works of art in literature, science, arts and culture in general. The law provides protection irrespective of the value, type, manner of expression or purpose of the work. The protection encompasses by way of example, written works, phonographs and cinematographic films, theatre and musical pieces, television and radio works for publication, paintings, sculpture and architecture, maps and speeches. Law on the Protection of Copyright and Related Rights (Law No. 7 of 2002) considers software as a literary work and as such a fifty years protection is provided. Protection under the copyright law ends fifty years after the death of the author. However, if the copyrighted substance is owned by a legal entity rather than a natural person, the fifty years protection shall begin on the date the material was first published. The author may assign the rights granted to him subject to prescribed terms and conditions. Infringements are presided over by the Copyright Tribunal.
Formal filing requirements are as follows: