Practice Scope.

Our services cover countries of three regional unions, in addition to some countries in the Middle East and North Africa as indicated in the list of countries covered by our services. The three regional unions are: First, the African Regional Industrial Property Organization (ARIPO) which is composed of the following fifteen member states namely, Botswana, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Second, the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI) which is composed of sixteen member states namely, Cameroon, Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Congo, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Chad, Togo and Equatoria Guinea. Third, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) states namely, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and Oman. Countries of the Middle East and North Africa which are covered by our services are: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Iraq, Iran, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, and Yemen as indicated in the list of countries.

Our firm is in a position to offer direct, efficient services in the identified regional intellectual property unions and countries. Equipped with capability to cooperate with our overseas group of associate attorneys, coupled with an understanding of the legal systems of the Middle East and Africa, and familiarity with traditions and awareness of the points where they differ, our firm is in a position to offer direct, efficient services in the identified regional intellectual property unions and countries.

It is in order to indicate that the countries covered by our services fall within the categories identified by WTO Agreement on Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) as developing i.e. transition economies and least developed countries (LDCs). These countries were allowed transition periods to bring their legislations in line with the provisions of the TRIPS Agreement. The changes required in domestic legal systems embrace the expansion of intellectual property protection as to cover protection in new areas such as biotechnology, integrated circuits, music and computer programs where computer software bootlegging is likely to occur.

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